On the first day of the new year, it is very common to see dragon or lion dance everywhere. The origin is apparently based on a legend, where a mythical beast called Nian would come and attack villagers at the exact same time every year. They asked for help of a great colourful lion spirit who came and scared the beast away with a lot of noise. Unfortunately, the following year the lion was busy defending the Emperor’s palace, thus the villagers were left defenceless. They improvised by creating a false lion by using colourful clothes and bamboo, accompanied by noisy firecrackers to drive Nian away. It was proven to be successful, thus they repeated it every year to frighten bad spirit away and of course, to bring good luck.
For those who don’t know, the dance look rather simple. In reality, the music, steps, movements and rituals are deliberately planned and carefully executed. A simple mistake could doomed the client, which brings bad luck for the entire year. The “dancers” are actually martial artists, which explains how they can grab a bunch of lettuce 3m high in the air, while wearing such an intricate heavy costumes.
The dance typically starts with loud firecrackers. The lions are sleeping and need to be waken up by, normally, the leader of the establishment or guests of honour, by dotting red ink on the lions’ mouth, eyes and forehead. Once they are awake, accompanied by musical instruments (minimum 3 pieces : drum, gong and cymbals), they will start their dance movements, sequence and rituals.
Some food items, such as lettuce and mandarins are left out on the floor for the lion to snatch. The main performer pick them up and presents it to the client.
The highlight of the dance is normally the acrobatic movements. The establishment hangs a head of lettuce and a decorative hangbao (red envelope – with payment enclosed) up in the air. These symbolise money and prosperity. The lion carefully approaches the lettuce and even test it to make sure that it is safe, not a dangerous item. After testing on the left and right sides, he does some steps to ward off any others that may want to eat his green. The person manipulating the head first removes the envelope and carefully places it inside his shirt. If it’s ever dropped would mean bad luck. Then he grabs the lettuce and “chews” it apart from within the costumes. He then “spits” it out first to the left, then to the right and then to the middle to help spread prosperity in all directions. The music then changes to higher and speedier beat and the head is raised and moved as if the lion is happy to have consumed his prize.
All were shot with Canon 50D, Canon EF 24-105mm f/4L
Today, 10 February 2013 is celebrated as Chinese new year and we are entering year of the snake. Unlike the gregorian calendar, Chinese calendar is based on the cycle of the moon.
Chinese loves playing with words and symbols. Homonyms are very often used. Names of dishes and / or ingredients which are served during the new year sound similar to words and phrases which they wish. Some other food also have symbolic meaning.
From the picture above, the 8 oranges symbolise gold (also because of the colour), wealth and good fortune. 8 is always a lucky number ;-). While pineapple represents luck, as well as wealth and good fortune.
Fresh fruits mean life and new beginning. They all should be placed on a round tray, whose form represents togetherness.
So I wish you all Gong Xi Fa Chai. May your fortune rise to greater heights, your heart be filled with happiness and peace and your life be blesses with longevity and abundance.
Shot with Canon 50D, Canon EF 24-105mm f/4L, shot @ 1/25, f/4, ISO 1600